According to legend the heavy loaded camel caravan moving from west to east had passed through and ancient Azerbaijani lands. The was one sick camel in the caravan. Whatever the caravan owner did for recovery of this camel but all was in vain. The camel became weaker and weaker and made the caravan delayedon road. When passed from the area full of the oily lakes the caravan owner freed the camel and said: It is better for camel to die in any of these lakes than to suffer from pains. As if the camel, which was freedunderstood the words of owner and get in one of these lakes nearby. And the caravan was distancing gradually.Certain time passed since then.When the camel caravan returning back they meet with one camel there. The caravan owner called the sick, thin camel that he left here. But this camel was quite healthy and oil was dripping from its skin.Theydecided to trace the camel.They found that the camel got intothat oily lakes few times a day and lies under the sun. The traders from caravan also approached the lakes and oiled sores in their hands and legs. The traders saw their sores recovered soon. They took from that oil and filled in vessel to take it home. The oil like petroleum and the area of location of lakes were named as “Naftalan”that means the oily area.